how to make essential oils

In this article, you will learn how to make essential oils.

Pure essential oils were precious commodities during ancient times. When people extract essential oils, they use a crude method of using stone or wooden mallet to pound or grind flowers or herbs to extract them.

The most common oils they were extracting were from rose petals or olive fruits. Rose oil and olive oil were so precious they have been treasured for centuries for their therapeutic properties and aromatic qualities.

The diy essential oils are extracted from various plant parts, such as leaves, flowers, stems, and roots, and offer a wide range of benefits, from relaxation and stress relief to skin care and natural remedies.

Nowadays, the trend is going organic and natural. Making your own pure essential oils can be a rewarding and cost-effective way to access the many advantages they provide.

In this guide, we’ll walk you through the process of creating your own essential oils and introduce you to some of the best essential oils to make at home, along with their uses and benefits.

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How to Make Essential Oils: A Comprehensive Guide 1

Health Benefits of Using Essential Oils

Using essential oils can offer a wide range of benefits, both for physical and mental well-being. Here are some of the key advantages of using essential oils:

Aromatherapy and Mood Enhancement:

Essential oils are commonly used in aromatherapy to promote relaxation, reduce stress, and improve mood.

Different essential oils can have various effects on emotions. For example, lavender is known for its calming properties, while citrus oils like lemon and orange are uplifting and energizing.

Natural Stress Relief:

Inhaling the aroma of certain essential oils can help reduce stress and anxiety. Oils like lavender, chamomile, and frankincense are often used for this purpose.

Aromatherapy can create a calming atmosphere at home or in the workplace, promoting a sense of peace and well-being.

Pain Relief and Inflammation Reduction:

Some essential oils, such as peppermint and eucalyptus, possess analgesic properties and can provide relief from headaches, muscle aches, and joint pain.

They can also help reduce inflammation when applied topically, aiding in the recovery process for minor injuries.

Improved Sleep Quality:

Many people use essential oils like lavender, chamomile, and cedarwood to promote better sleep. These oils can be diffused in the bedroom or applied topically before bedtime.

The calming and sedative effects of these oils can help with insomnia and improve sleep patterns.

Respiratory Support:

Essential oils like eucalyptus, tea tree, and peppermint are known for their respiratory benefits. Inhaling these oils can provide relief from congestion, colds, and sinus issues.

Steam inhalation with essential oils can help clear airways and ease breathing difficulties.

dude pouring essential oils into his hands

Skin and Hair Care:

Essential oils are commonly used in skincare and haircare products for their antibacterial, antifungal, and soothing properties.

Oils like tea tree and lavender can be applied topically to treat acne and skin irritations, while oils like rosemary and cedarwood are used to support hair growth and scalp health.

Natural Cleaning and Disinfection:

Essential oils like lemon, tea tree, and eucalyptus are effective natural disinfectants and can be used for cleaning and sanitizing surfaces in the home.

They provide an eco-friendly alternative to chemical-based cleaning products.

Digestive Health:

Certain essential oils, such as peppermint and ginger, can aid in digestion and relieve symptoms of indigestion, bloating, and nausea.

These oils can be diluted and massaged onto the abdomen or inhaled for relief.

Pest Repellent:

Essential oils like citronella, lavender, and lemongrass are effective at repelling insects and can be used as natural insect repellents.

Emotional Balance:

Essential oils can help balance emotions and provide support during times of grief, sadness, or stress.

They can be used in combination with relaxation techniques like meditation and deep breathing.

It’s important to note that essential oils should be used with care, and some individuals may have sensitivities or allergies to certain oils.

Always dilute essential oils before applying them to the skin and consult with a qualified aromatherapist or healthcare professional if you have specific health concerns or questions about volatile oils or their use.

How to make Essential Oils – What to Consider

cropped black woman creating aromatic liquid incense

Getting raw materials nowadays is quite easy. You can grow your own plants and use them for creating your own oils or you can buy raw materials from others. But how do you select the right materials to use?

Selecting the Plant Material

The first step in making essential oils is choosing the right plant materials. Ensure that it is fresh and free from pesticides or chemicals.

Many plants have volatile essences that can get affected if not done right. Don’t us dried flowers or plants as you cannot extract anything from them.

The most common choices include lavender, rosemary, peppermint, olive, eucalyptus, and citrus fruits.


Harvest the plant materials at the right time. For flowers and leaves, this is often when they are in full bloom. For fruits, it’s when they are ripe.


The most common method for extracting essential oils is steam distillation. This process involves passing steam through the plant material, causing the oils to evaporate and then condense back into a liquid. You can set up a DIY distillation kit using a large pot, a heat-resistant bowl, a lid, and a collection vessel.


As the steam carries the essential oils away from the plant materials, it is condensed into a liquid in a separate container. This liquid mixture is a combination of water and essential oil, known as hydrosol. To separate the essential oil from the hydrosol, you’ll need a separator or separator funnel.


Store your freshly made essential oils in dark glass bottles with tight-fitting caps. Keep them in a cool, dark place away from direct sunlight and moisture to preserve their potency.

Homemade Essential Oils Extraction: Process of Creating Your Own Essential Oil at Home

how to make essential oil extracts

Extraction of your on essential oils at home can be a rewarding. Likewise, a DIY pure essential oil extraction can be cost-effective endeavor when done right.

One of the popular process for extraction is steam distillation. Steam distillation works as

While the steam distillation process can vary depending on the plant material you’re using and the equipment you have available, the following steps provide a general overview of how to make essential oils using the steam distillation method, which is one of the most common methods for extracting essential oils:

Materials You’ll Need:

  • Fresh herbs, spices, flowers, or citrus peels
  • Distillation apparatus (a home distillation kit or improvised setup)
  • Large pot
  • Heat source (stove or hot plate) (You can also use crock pot for herbs or spices like olive oil or jojoba oil)
  • Distilled Water
  • Ice or cold water
  • Collection vessel (glass container)
  • Separating funnel or separator
  • Dark glass bottles with tight-fitting caps
  • Funnel or glass tube
  • Cheesecloth or muslin cloth
  • Pruning shears or scissors

Steps for Making Essential Oils:

  1. Select the Plant Material:
    • Choose fresh plant material that is healthy and free from pesticides or chemicals. The type of plant you select will determine the essential oil’s aroma and properties.
  2. Harvest at the Right Time:
    • Harvest the plant matter at the peak of its aromatic potency. For flowers and herbs, this is often when they are in full bloom. For citrus peels, it’s when they are ripe and fragrant. Don’t use dried herbs or flowers obviously as you won’t be able to extract anything from them.
  3. Prepare the Distillation Apparatus:
    • Assemble your distillation apparatus, which typically includes a distillation flask, condenser, and collection vessel. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions if you have a commercial distillation kit. These oil separator materials are important so they must be in pristine condition.
  4. Add Water to the Pot:
    • Fill a large pot with water and place it on a heat source. You’ll use this pot to generate steam for the distillation process.
  5. Cut and Load the Plant Material:
    • Cut the plant material into small pieces to facilitate the release of essential oils. Load the plant material into the distillation flask of your apparatus.
  6. Start the Heating Process:
    • Heat the water in the pot to create steam. As the steam rises, it will pass through the plant material, causing the essential oils to evaporate.
  7. Condense the Steam:
    • The steam carrying the essential oils rises into the condenser, where it is cooled and condensed back into a liquid. This liquid consists of both water and essential oil.
  8. Collect the Essential Oil:
    • The condensed liquid flows into the collection vessel. This mixture contains the essential oil and water (hydrosol). Use a separating funnel or separator to separate the essential oil from the hydrosol.
  9. Filter the Essential Oil:
    • To remove any remaining impurities, filter the essential oil by pouring it through a funnel lined with cheesecloth or muslin cloth into a clean, dark glass bottle.
  10. Store the Essential Oil:
    • Store the freshly made essential oil in a cool, dark place away from direct sunlight and moisture. Use dark glass bottles with tight-fitting caps to preserve the oil’s potency.
  11. Label and Date the Bottle:
    • Don’t forget to label the bottle with the type of essential oil, the date it was made, and any other relevant information.
  12. Repeat the Process (Optional):
    • Depending on the yield and potency of the essential oil, you may need to repeat the distillation process with more plant material to obtain a sufficient quantity.

Keep in mind that the quality and quantity of essential oil you obtain will vary depending on factors like the plant material used, the distillation equipment, and your experience. It may take a few hours and some experimentation to perfect the process and produce very small amount of high-quality essential oils at home.

Best Essential Oils to Make at Home

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How to Make Essential Oils: A Comprehensive Guide 2

Lavender Oil:

Uses: Relaxation, stress relief, skin care, and promoting sleep.

Benefits: Lavender oil is known for its calming and soothing properties. It can help reduce anxiety, improve sleep quality, and alleviate skin irritations.

Peppermint Oil:

Uses: Pain relief, digestive support, and mental clarity.

Benefits: Peppermint oil is invigorating and can relieve headaches, muscle aches, and indigestion. It also promotes alertness and focus.

Lemon Oil:

Uses: Cleaning, mood enhancement, increase focus and immune support.

Benefits: Lemon oil has a fresh, uplifting scent. It’s a natural disinfectant, mood booster, and can help support the immune system.

Tea Tree Oil:

Uses: Skin care, hair care, and antiseptic purposes.

Benefits: Tea tree oil is renowned for its antibacterial and antifungal properties. It’s excellent for treating acne, dandruff, and minor cuts and burns.

Eucalyptus Oil:

Uses: Respiratory support, pain relief, and insect repellent.

Benefits: Eucalyptus oil can ease respiratory congestion, alleviate muscle and joint pain, and repel insects effectively.

Lemongrass Oil:

Uses: Lemongrass oil is popular for its fresh, citrusy scent and is often used in aromatherapy to uplift the mood. It’s also known for its insect-repelling properties and is used in natural bug repellents.

Benefits: Lemongrass oil can help reduce stress and anxiety, alleviate muscle pain, and promote relaxation.

Cinnamon Oil:

Uses: Cinnamon oil has a warm and spicy aroma, making it a favorite for holiday-themed scents and potpourri. It’s also used in culinary applications for flavoring.

Benefits: Cinnamon oil may have antibacterial and antifungal properties. Its aroma can create a cozy and inviting atmosphere in your home.

Cedarwood Oil:

Uses: Cedarwood oil has a woodsy and grounding scent. It’s often used in perfumes, colognes, and as a base note in essential oil blends.

Benefits: Cedarwood oil can promote relaxation, improve focus, and help create a peaceful ambiance. It’s also used for skin and hair care.

Rosemary Essential Oil:

Uses: Rosemary oil has a fresh and herbaceous scent. It’s a versatile oil used in aromatherapy, massage oils, and homemade cleaning products.

Benefits: Rosemary oil can improve mental clarity, boost memory, and provide relief from headaches. It’s also known for its potential scalp and hair benefits.

Vanilla Oil:

Uses: Vanilla oil has a sweet and comforting fragrance reminiscent of baked goods and desserts. It’s often used in perfumes, candles, and aromatherapy.

Benefits: Vanilla oil is valued for its soothing and calming effects. It can help reduce stress and anxiety, creating a warm and inviting atmosphere.

Sandalwood Oil:

Uses: Sandalwood oil has a rich, woody aroma that is both calming and sensual. It’s commonly used in perfumes, incense, and spiritual practices.

Benefits: Sandalwood oil is known for its ability to promote relaxation, reduce anxiety, and enhance meditation. It’s also used in skincare for its rejuvenating properties.

Patchouli Oil:

Uses: Patchouli oil has a distinctive, earthy scent that is often used in perfumes and incense. It’s also a popular choice for homemade soaps and candles.

Benefits: Patchouli oil is believed to have grounding and mood-balancing properties. It’s used to alleviate stress, anxiety, and promote a sense of well-being.

To create a room or home spray, you can mix a few drops of your chosen essential oil(s) with water in a spray bottle.

The number of drops will depend on your personal preference and the size of the bottle, but a common ratio is about 10-20 drops of essential oil per 4 ounces (120 ml) of water.

Shake the bottle well before each use to disperse the essential oils evenly in the water, and then spray the mixture around your home as needed to enjoy the delightful scents and benefits of these essential oils.

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How to Make Essential Oils: A Comprehensive Guide 3

The Rewards of Creating Your Own Pure Essential Oils at Home

Most essential oils are truly useful to our health. So making essential oils at home can be a fulfilling and sustainable endeavor.

By selecting the right plant material and following the extraction process, you can create high-quality oils that offer numerous benefits.

Whether you use them for relaxation, health, or beauty, essential oils are a valuable addition to any natural wellness routine.

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